- Is peer review a good idea?
- Why would it be difficult to use a double blind procedure?
- What are the benefits of peer review?
- How do you become a peer reviewer?
- How does blinding reduce bias?
- What is the value of peer review?
- What is a blind review?
- What does a peer reviewer do?
- Do reviewers get paid?
- What is triple blind?
- What is the point of a double blind study?
- What is the difference between a blind and a double blind study?
- What is the double blind procedure?
- What’s wrong with peer review?
- How reliable is peer review?
- What is an example of a double blind study?
- What are the disadvantages of being blind?
- What is a good peer review?
- What is blind procedure?
- Is a control group always necessary?
- Are all clinical trials Double blind?
Is peer review a good idea?
Peer review’s limited effectiveness would perhaps not be a problem if it required little time and effort from scientists.
That is, we ask for empirical evidence that peer review makes for better science on science’s own terms..
Why would it be difficult to use a double blind procedure?
Common difficulties with the double-blind study Lack of adequate demographic controls When studies are BP (between patient), the patients are randomized such that essential demographics, such as age, sex, relevant facets of health such as blood pressure or weight, and sometimes racial/ethnic group are controlled for.
What are the benefits of peer review?
The major advantage of a peer review process is that peer-reviewed articles provide a trusted form of scientific communication. Since scientific knowledge is cumulative and builds on itself, this trust is particularly important.
How do you become a peer reviewer?
Become a ReviewerAsking a colleague who already reviews for a journal to recommend you.Networking with editors at professional conferences.Becoming a member of a learned society and then networking with other members in your area.Contacting journals directly to inquire if they are seeking new reviewers.More items…
How does blinding reduce bias?
Blinding aims to reduce the risk of bias that can be caused by an awareness of group assignment. With blinding, out- comes can be attributed to the intervention itself and not influenced by behaviour or assessment of outcomes that can result purely from knowledge of group allocation.
What is the value of peer review?
Peer review is designed to assess the validity, quality and often the originality of articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of science by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.
What is a blind review?
The “blind” in single blind review refers to what information authors can see. In a single blind peer review, reviewers’ identities are kept hidden from authors. This is the traditional form of peer review, and it’s still the type that’s most common.
What does a peer reviewer do?
Peer review means that a board of scholarly reviewers in the subject area of the journal, review materials they publish for quality of research and adherence to editorial standards of the journal, before articles are accepted for publication.
Do reviewers get paid?
Journals earn money from subscriptions, article processing charges, etc. However, they do not pay anything to the peer reviewers. Researchers are sometimes paid for reviewing books or other written work. However, they are usually not paid for reviewing scientific papers.
What is triple blind?
Triple-blind (i.e., triple-masking) studies are randomized experiments in which the treatment or intervention is unknown to (a) the research participant, (b) the individual(s) who administer the treatment or intervention, and (c) the individual(s) who assess the outcomes.
What is the point of a double blind study?
The best and most reliable form of research is the double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The purpose of this kind of study is to eliminate the power of suggestion. The double-blind study keeps both doctors and participants in the dark as to who is receiving which treatment.
What is the difference between a blind and a double blind study?
In a single blind study, the participants in the clinical trial do not know if they are receiving the placebo or the real treatment. … In a double-blind study, both the participants and the experimenters do not know which group got the placebo and which got the experimental treatment.
What is the double blind procedure?
A double-blind procedure refers to a procedure in which experimenters and participants are “blind to” (without knowledge of) crucial aspects of a study, including the hypotheses, expectations, or, most important, the assignment of participants to experimental groups.
What’s wrong with peer review?
One pretty significant problem with peer review is that it may be prone to bias from the reviewers. Not only are women greatly underrepresented in the peer review process, but reviewers are much more likely to have a preference to work done by those that are the same gender as themselves.
How reliable is peer review?
Peer review sometimes picks up fraud by chance, but generally it is not a reliable method for detecting fraud because it works on trust. A major question, which I will return to, is whether peer review and journals should cease to work on trust.
What is an example of a double blind study?
For example, let’s imagine that researchers are investigating the effects of a new drug. In a double-blind study, the researchers who interact with the participants would not know who was receiving the actual drug and who was receiving a placebo.
What are the disadvantages of being blind?
Cons of being blindGetting out is difficult. There are days when you might want to stay out or go somewhere. … Making friends is difficult. It is hard to accept this fact, but it is true that being blind leaves you with very few people to call as friends. … You have to move around with a cane. This is the worst part of being a blind person.
What is a good peer review?
A good peer review balances the expectations of the journal editor who is considering the article or paper for publication and the authors, who we assume, have put a great deal of work into the original research and the subsequent paper: … This is especially important for any research presenting counterintuitive results.
What is blind procedure?
Medical Definition of single-blind : of, relating to, or being an experimental procedure in which the experimenters but not the subjects know the makeup of the test and control groups during the actual course of the experiments — compare double-blind, open-label.
Is a control group always necessary?
Yes. In an experiment, you need to include a control group that is identical to the treatment group in every way except that it does not receive the experimental treatment. By including a control group, you can eliminate the possible impact of all other variables. …
Are all clinical trials Double blind?
In the context of a clinical trial, double-blind means that neither the patients nor the researchers know who is getting a placebo and who is getting the treatment. Because patients don’t know what they’re getting, their belief about what will happen doesn’t taint the results.