Question: Which Is The Highest Court Of India?

Which is the first court in India?

The Calcutta High CourtThe Calcutta High Court has the distinction of being the first High Court and one of the three Chartered High Courts to be set up in India, along with the High Courts of Bombay, Madras..

What is the salary of judge in India?

Salary of Government Officials in IndiaPosition in the Indian order of precedencePostSalary per month (Basic Pay)14Chief Justice of High Courts₹250,000 (US$3,500)16Judges of High Courts₹225,000 (US$3,200)21Member of Parliament of India₹100,000 (US$1,400)18 more rows

How many supreme courts are there in India?

Supreme Court of IndiaNumber of positions34 (33+1; present strength)Websitewww.sci.gov.inChief Justice of IndiaCurrentlySharad Arvind Bobde10 more rows

How many courts are there in India?

There are total 672 District courts in India. The complete list of District courts in India is as follows.

Who is the first judge of Supreme Court?

KaniaSupreme Court of India (1950–present)№Name (birth–death)Period of office1H. J. Kania (1890–1951)6 November 1951†2M. Patanjali Sastri (1889–1963)3 January 19543Mehr Chand Mahajan (1889–1967)22 December 19544Bijan Kumar Mukherjea (1891–1956)31 January 1956‡43 more rows

Who is the first female judge in the world?

Joaquina VegaThe first woman judge was Joaquina Vega, who was appointed to the local court of Matiguas, Matagalpa in 1948. There are currently 5 women justices on the sixteen-member Supreme Court of Justice, including the president, Dr.

Which is the last high court in India?

There are 25 High Courts in India. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.

How many judges are in Supreme Court?

30 judgesThere are currently 30 judges (including the Chief Justice of India) and maximum possible strength is 34. As per the Constitution of India, judges of the Supreme Court retire at age of 65. Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde is the 47th Chief Justice of India.

Where is the highest court in India?

Secondary menu. Supreme Court of India came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. The Supreme Court of India functioned from the Parliament House till it moved to the present building. It has a 27.6 metre high dome and a spacious colonnaded verandah.

Who was the first lady Chief Justice of India?

Fathima BeeviFathima Beevi (born 30 April 1927) is a former judge of the Supreme Court of India.

What is the most powerful court in the world?

our Supreme CourtIn fact, if its powers and duties are compared with those of its counterparts in the United States and other countries, our Supreme Court can be termed the most powerful in the world. Three judicial prerogatives.

Where is the biggest court in the world?

Seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, the ICJ is the only principal UN organ not located in New York City.

Who controls the Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and such number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress. The number of Associate Justices is currently fixed at eight (28 U. S. C. §1).

Which is the highest court in the state?

state supreme courtIn the United States, a state supreme court (known by other names in some states) is the highest court in the state judiciary of a U.S. state. On matters of state law, the judgment of a state supreme court is considered final and binding in both state and federal courts.

What is the first name of Supreme Court of India?

The Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William, Calcutta (Kolkata) was founded in 1774 by the Regulating Act of 1773. It replaced the Mayor’s Court of Calcutta and was British India’s highest court from 1774 until 1862, when the High Court of Calcutta was established by the Indian High Courts Act 1861.

How many high courts are there in India in 2020?

25 high courtsThere are 25 high courts in India. The number of total judges sanctioned in these high courts are 1079 of which 771 judges are permanent and remaining 308 sanctioned for additional judges. As of September 1, 2020, 398 of the seats (about 36%) are vacant.

Who is new Chief Justice of India?

Sharad Arvind BobdeNEW DELHI: Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde, who has decided several key cases and was part of the recent historic Ayodhya verdict, was on Monday administered oath as the 47th Chief Justice of India by President Ram Nath Kovind.

Who is supreme India?

The Chief Justice of India and the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution. CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA : 2. Appointment to the office of the Chief Justice of India should be of the seniormost Judge of the Supreme Court considered fit to hold the office.