- What is the clock cycle time in a pipelined and non pipelined processor?
- How do you calculate effective CPI?
- How do you calculate pipeline speed?
- What is pipeline latency?
- What is instruction latency?
- What determines the minimum clock period for a pipelined processor?
- What is the clock cycle time of the 5 stage pipelined machine?
- What is CPI COA?
- Is Level 3 cache memory faster?
- How many cycles per second is a clock?
- How do you calculate the CPI of a pipeline?
- What level of cache is closest to the CPU?
- Is 2 MB cache memory good?
- How do I know my cache size?
- What is the CPI for a single cycle process model?
What is the clock cycle time in a pipelined and non pipelined processor?
Pipelined processor takes 5 cycles at 400ps per cycle for total latency of 2000ps.
Non-pipelined processor takes 200+120+190+400+100 = 1010ps..
How do you calculate effective CPI?
How to calculate effective CPI for a 3 level cacheCPU base CPI = 2, clock rate = 2GHz.Primary Cache, Miss Rate/Instruction = 7%L-2 Cache access time = 15ns.L-2 Cache, Local Miss Rate/Instruction = 30%L-3 Cache access time = 30ns.L-3 Cache, Global Miss Rate/Instruction = 3%, Main memory access time = 150ns.
How do you calculate pipeline speed?
S = Tseq / Tpipe = n*m / (m+n -1). The value S approaches m when ∞ → n . That is, the maximum speedup, also called ideal speedup, of a pipeline processor with m stages over an equivalent nonpipelined processor is m. In other words, the ideal speedup is equal to the number of pipeline stages.
What is pipeline latency?
Each instruction takes a certain time to complete. This is the latency for that operation. It’s the amount of time between when the instruction is issued and when it completes.
What is instruction latency?
Latency is the number of processor clocks it takes for an instruction to have its data available for use by another instruction. Therefore, an instruction which has a latency of 6 clocks will have its data available for another instruction that many clocks after it starts its execution.
What determines the minimum clock period for a pipelined processor?
For the single-cycle CPU, the minimum clock period is simply the sum of the delays through all five sub-components (not stages, as there is only one stage). The assumption that the pipelining overhead is zero means that the minimum clock period of the pipeline CPU is simply the longest individual stage delay.
What is the clock cycle time of the 5 stage pipelined machine?
Assume that the original machine is a 5-stage pipeline with a 1 ns clock cycle. The second machine is a 12-stage pipeline with a 0.6 ns clock cycle. The 5-stage pipeline experiences a stall due to a data hazard every 5 instructions, whereas the 12-stage pipeline experiences 3 stalls every 8 instructions.
What is CPI COA?
In computer architecture, cycles per instruction (aka clock cycles per instruction, clocks per instruction, or CPI) is one aspect of a processor’s performance: the average number of clock cycles per instruction for a program or program fragment. It is the multiplicative inverse of instructions per cycle.
Is Level 3 cache memory faster?
Level 3 (L3) cache is specialized memory developed to improve the performance of L1 and L2. L1 or L2 can be significantly faster than L3, though L3 is usually double the speed of DRAM. With multicore processors, each core can have dedicated L1 and L2 cache, but they can share an L3 cache.
How many cycles per second is a clock?
With every tick of the clock, the CPU fetches and executes one instruction. The clock speed is measured in cycles per second, and one cycle per second is known as 1 hertz. This means that a CPU with a clock speed of 2 gigahertz (GHz) can carry out two thousand million (or two billion) cycles per second.
How do you calculate the CPI of a pipeline?
CPI = 0.20*1.5 + 0.20*2 + 0.6*1=1.3 cycle per instruction.
What level of cache is closest to the CPU?
The more cache there is, the more data can be stored closer to the CPU. Cache is graded as Level 1 (L1), Level 2 (L2) and Level 3 (L3): L1 is usually part of the CPU chip itself and is both the smallest and the fastest to access. Its size is often restricted to between 8 KB and 64 KB.
Is 2 MB cache memory good?
But a processor having 1MB L2 cache,2.9 GHz,4 cores can be slower than a processor having 4MB L3 cache,3.2 GHz,6 cores. … So having a bigger cache memory will definitely help to store more required data. The clock speed,core numbers will be good parameters to compare two processors.
How do I know my cache size?
CalculationsUse the following information if you are told the cache is 4 MB or something similar. … 1 KB = 210 bytes (1024 bytes)1 MB = 210 KB (1024 bytes) = 210 * 210 bytes = 220 bytes (1048576 bytes)Block = log2 (BytesPerLine) = number of bits needed to represent the maximum number (remember to start using a ‘0’ offset).More items…
What is the CPI for a single cycle process model?
— The CPI can be <1 on machines that execute more than 1 instruction per cycle (superscalar). one ―cycle‖ is the minimum time it takes cpu to do any work. — clock or period just length of a cycle. rate, frequency, reciprocal time.